Could poop be the next treatment for cancer?

(Jesse Damiani/ Forbes) — The human microbiome—the collective microorganisms that live inside and on a person’s body—is the subject of much research from both the scientific community and DIY biohackers. And for good reason; there are trillions of bacteria in and on a single human body, outnumbering human cells by a factor of 10 to 1.

Two years ago, the New York Times released an Op-Doc featuring Josiah Zayner, who, in the hopes of alleviating chronic gastrointestinal problems, “hacked” his biome by attempting to replace his gut bacteria with another person’s—by ingesting their bacteria-rich fecal matter.

Now, a multidisciplinary team at Lawson Health Research Institute in London, Ont., is entering Phase 1 of a trial to explore if this same type of biohacking—alongside traditional immunotherapy—will improve outcomes in melanoma patients.

This is the first trial of its kind in Canada, driven by preliminary research linking the gut microbiome with the overall health of the immune system. (…)

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